Weapons of Mass Destruction Domestic
terrorism has increased at an alarming rate since 1992. The number of
terrorist acts in the past 7 years was greater than all of the years
since the Urban Terrorist Acts of the 1960s.
are more identified domestic terrorist groups today than ever before.
This is due to the change in the political climate of the 1990's.
Terrorists are becoming more outspoken and are retaliating (Oklahoma
City Federal Building) for government intervention in Waco, Texas, Ruby
Ridge, and domestic anthrax scares of most recent.
sponsored terrorism is on the increase in the form of the World Trade
Center bombing and the biological agent attempt in Oregon. And of
course the most recent attack of September 11th in New York and
point is that terrorism is now in our own house and the federal
government cannot control it alone. They realized this and in 1998,
sponsored by a Domestic Terrorism Program based on the recognition of
weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological, and nuclear).
and weapons of mass destruction is the next phase of firefighting. It
is here now and it will increase if the political climate does not
change. Hopefully, through training, professionals in the Fire Service
can try to keep up with these volatile times.
Ground Ladder Training
of the new elderly care residential facilities that have been
constructed in recent years, and the fact that the Fire Department has
limited access to many areas of these buildings, a greater reliance on
ground ladders is required.
have become proficient in handling all types of ladders that the Fire
Department carries, especially the 40-foot Bangor Ladder, which will be
used to rescue victims in the area of limited access around these
facilities and because of inaccessibility by the Ladder Truck. A Bangor
Ladder is able to reach a third-story window to rescue a trapped
victim. Unfortunately, it requires a minimum of 4 firefighters to
safely raise and position this ladder. In this training, our
firefighters are taught to use this ladder more efficiently.
is a firefighter's worst nightmare to arrive at the scene of a large
residential complex to find a number of entrapped victims awaiting fire
department rescue. This is why the ground ladder proficiency program is
so important, and many hours of training have taken place each year.
Fire Hose Handling
completion of the ladder training course, the Fire Department went into
their fire hose handling and fire control training.
purpose of this training was to make sure all department personnel were
proficient in laying out and using all sizes and configurations of the
fire hose on the engines. It is very important, just as in the ladder
training, that all our firefighters are able to lay out and use a fire
hose in the same manner, no matter which shift or station they are
drills were held for time and proficiency. Smoke was added for realism
and the basement fire scenario, a victim rescue scenario, was added.
The lessons learned in this type of training will be reinforced when the
firefighters move on to Live Fire Training. As with additional ladder
training, more hose work was planned this year. More efficient fire
control is the key to rescue and property conservation.
Live Fire Training
of the Fire Department took part in live firefighting operations which
require testing of all fire ground operations -- Incident command
procedures, hose handling, pump operation, fire control, search and
rescue and roof ladder application. Firefighters were placed in a smoke
and heat-filled environment and were expected to extinguish a room fire
and locate a missing victim in this smoke-obscured atmosphere.
importance of getting our firefighters in live fire training situations
is immeasurable. It not only hones their fireground skills and makes
them more efficient, but more importantly, it is done under safety
Rapid Intervention Team Training
Training Bureau will continue to work with the Zone D Fire Departments
in formulating a plan for rescuing our own in the event a firefighter
becomes lost or trapped in a burning building.
program is called Rapid Intervention Team (RIT) Training. The team
consists of at least 3 firefighters on the scene whose only
responsibility is to rescue a fallen firefighter in trouble. The RIT is
a requirement under NFPA 1500 Standards.
of all department members began in December 1999, and will continue
after the Emergency Medical Technician refresher training, which is also
a State requirement for licensure. A coordinated Zone D effort in RIT
training continued in March of this year, and will be completed only
after all Zone D fire departments have an interconnected program of
mutual aid in firefighter rescue techniques.