Chronic Disease Risk Reduction

Chronic Disease Risk Reduction -
Blood Pressure Assessment

What is Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure is the force (pressure) exerted by the blood in the arteries as the pressure cycles up and down with each heartbeat.

What do the two numbers mean?

  • The top number is the systolic pressure and is reached when the heart squeezes and is working.
  • The bottom number is the lowest number that is recorded when the heart relaxes and is at rest.
The higher the numbers, the more difficult it is for the blood to flow through the arteries, and the greater the damage to the blood vessels throughout the body.

What is a normal blood pressure?

Normal: Systolic below 120mmHg/ Diastolic below 80mmHg

What is an abnormal blood pressure?

Hypotension (low blood pressure): below 90 or 25 mmHg

Prehypertension (pre-high blood pressure):120-139/ 80-89

Hypertension stage 1 (high blood pressure stage 1):140-159/ 90-99

Hypertension Stage 2 (high blood pressure stage 2): 160 or over / 100 or over

Why is it important to get my blood pressure checked?

High blood pressure can lead to heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure, arteriosclerosis, aortic dissection, kidney damage, kidney failure, vision loss, and brain damage. Many people with high blood pressure have no symptoms.

Where can I get my blood pressure checked?

Greenfield Health Department, 7325 W. Forest Home Avenue

Blood pressure screening on the 1st and 3rd Wednesday afternoons

2:00 P.M. – 4:00 P.M. Appointment necessary. 414-329-5275

What can I do to lower my blood pressure?

Stop smoking. This is the single healthiest lifestyle change that can be made.

Lose weight if needed through and appropriate eating and exercise plan. Following the DASH dietcan help control salt intake.

Exercise regularly. Exercising 30minutes a day regularly can help to lower blood pressure and condition the heart and lungs.

Moderate consumption of alcohol. Limiting alcohol to 1 -2 drinks per day is recommended.

Stress management. Excessive stress over a long period of time can lead to health problems, including cardiovascular disease.

Control blood sugars. People with diabetes are twice as likely to have hypertension. Unhealthy blood pressure levels almost always accompany adult onset diabetes. Keeping blood sugars under control is an important aspect of blood pressure management.

Check with your primary care provider before making any medication or lifestyle modifications.